Jump directly:

- A +

From the Beginning of Motorization of Motorization

Karl Schäfer's humorous report „Dat este Auto im Upland" (= The 1st car in the Uplands) deals with
Ludwig Keine, the first Uplandian car and the experiences while driving through the country of Waldeck. We are told that Ludwig Keine was a pensioner who was pretty well off. Selling land to some mining companies he had made more and more money and lived in the Villa Bangen (today Schusters – Renate Pöttner).Having bought a car this pioneer of motorization brought motion into the village and its surrounding. But before he was able to drive, the proud car owner had to accept some bureaucratic duties even in those days. They were to read in the"Landespolizeiverordnung betreffend den Verkehr mit Kraftfahrzeugen "(police-order for car drivers) in the "Fürstlich Waldeckischen Regierungs -Blatt Nr. 15 from Sept.16th, 1902 (Additions 1904 und 1906)". This decree directed the conditions which made owning and riding a car possible and contained 29 paragraphs about safety, steering, about brakes, lights (lanterns in those days) numberplate, safety control, driving school, driver´s license, prohibition of races, and so on. Here is the translation of paragraph 21:"During the car ride through villages or places or when carriages or herds of stock are met, also in the darkness, it is not allowed to drive faster than a horse can trot ( about 15 km/h) Only outside towns, villages and other places where people live it is allowed to drive faster, but only if it is possible overlook the road for some 100 meters, and when the course is free."
It is a pity that I did not pay more attention to the reports of eye witnesses, but nevertheless I remembered some photos showing the fist automobile. My uncle Karl Schäfer tried to find them, but he searched them in vain. In 2004 I found the "track" to a picture, unfortunately I didn´t find the photo itself. The rest of the puzzle could be found by assistance of Ludwig Keine´s descendants and an oldtimer car spcialist .The explorations were very similar to detective stories, where the detectives sometimes solve their files by chance.
In the principality and free state Waldeck the letter W was painted on the number plate. In 1929, when Waldeck belonged to Prussia, the letters IT were valid. The first car in Bömighausen has got the number W 23, painted by hand according to the official direction. It was produced in the Adler car factory from 1900 to 1908, eventually it might have been a "Dixie". Its prize was more than 10.000 Goldmarks. A small house did cost the same. The technical details were: top, 4 lights in the front, air tyres,windscreen, horn, spoke wheels, hand brake, wing shift, mud guards, back doors, running- boards and steering wheel. The type label on the right was 850 K. Ludwig Keine got his driving licence (cathegory 3b) after he had taken the test successfully on June 27th, 1908. His descendants fortunately still keep this document which can be seen as a relict constating the beginning of the motorization in Waldeck.


In the photo on the left an Opel, appearently type "Laubfrosch" (=green frog) is recognizable.
It is a part of a shooting match picture in 1930. The car was produced in 1924 or -25. You cannot identify the number plate.

The motor bike is supposed to belong to Albert Pöttner, its number is W 1626.Opel

About the first driving license owners in Bömighausen (see Christian Lamm´s article).

About 1930 a garage with 2 car boxes belonged to Schäfer´s pub and also a filling station selling fuel and oil delivered by ESSO/ Standard Oil. (See both small labels in the shooting match picture1930)






Der erste Lastwagen


Before the 2nd World War Heinrich Knippschild (Knippschilds Heine) ran a transport business. Except a car he used a truck and a caravan.
3 cars were hidden in Schüttler´s barn. They belonged to the shopkeeper Joel and were saved during the 2nd W.W. Two of them were still used in Bömighausen after the war.
Bömighausen is a good example to point out the beginning of motorization. Some of those historic facts can be preserved by this article.
The motorization went high after the 2nd war in Bömighausen, too. All over the country it spread out, more than its pioneers could imagine.

Search the Chronicle
Zufallsbilder von Bömighausen