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Name and First mention by Karl Schäfer

The Village in Salbooks, Official Registers and Tax –Lists (by Karl Schäfer)

 

1. Landtax 1529, Bommekusen

The village had to pay 10 guilders (STA.M. 115.11.16).

1544: In Bömighausen there are listed up 2 households bound to pay the „turk tax“.

2. Bömighausen   in the Salbook from 1537

Boninckhausen belongs to our benevolent proprietor with all his authorities, allowance and interdictions, criminal court, routes and guidance, landtax, obedience and service. The severe court´s place is Flechtdorf, it is also responsible for law and order in Boninckhausen .

The “Freistuhl”´s place is situated in Usseln “Usselen”. ( see def. 1.1.3. 1682) It regulates legal matters.

The „Tenth“ (see def. 1.1.3.1638) is also a special tax for our benevolent proprietor. Also the “Rauchhühner“ (Rauchhuhn= “smoke-hen”, name for a special tax, which depended on the “smoke” – oven – the families owned. The families had to pay this tax by giving a certain number of hens.) All in all the village had to give 7 hens. The following lines deal with several parts of the village and their duties. So it was pointed out that in the „Arnscheidt“, „Werfelscheith“ „Barberech“ and „Stener“people might fatten 20 pigs without reprisals.

It is Kasper Treeß´s and his housewife´s duty to return "zwenhundert und XL gl" (240 guilders) again, also to hand over seals and papers. The count puts his hand on the “folge”(= heiritage), land tax, escort, routes, bridges and and “bothe.“(= carriers had to pay tax for the allowance to cross the country) (115,6,15)

The number of „ Rauchhühner“ tells us about the village´s size. We can read in the „Salbuch“: The tax from each house with a chimney is one hen.”

3. Turk tax 1545, Bomickhausen

Johan Treiß from Bomickhausen, Joachim Engelmanns, Johan Backhausen, Frundtt Henrich, Churtt Luchten, Johan Slomers, Nolde Quelck, his son, Anres Sauren, his brother – in - law (is Fr. von Hesseler), Thomas Kukelhenn all in all 13 guil.

4. Land tax 1549

Joh. Engelmanns, Joh. Backhus, Henrich Frunt, Curt Luchte, Joh. Schlomer, Nolde Queleck, Anr. Suren, Friedr. v. Hesseler, Joh. Treiß, Thom. Kukelhenn Summa 1 ½ guil.

5. Land tax 1556 Das Dorf payed in two rates. The “Schlömersche“ (Mrs. Schl.) did not have to pay17 ½ Tal. 6ß. 4ß, 3d.

6. Taxes of the vassals or tenants to the feudal lords about 1575

Thomas Kalhobers gives 10 Mütte (1 Mütte = 115, 1270 litres) of oats to the old widow of the Hassian Chancellor Johann Feige inKassel . Henrich Nollen gives Mr. Ludolf (= Pastor Westenute in Neerdar) 10 Mütte of oats. Henn Mollers gives Winicken´s heirs in Korbach 4 Mütte of oats. Hermann Backes gives two Taler to the monastery in Netze.

Henrich Kalhober gives 6 Mütte of oats to the Döringens in Korbach. Henrich Backes gives Stoffel Weitencurt in Höringhausen 6 Mütte of oats. The Becker Fam. in Korbach own a farm, one third o fit is owned by the count. Jost von Rhen owns a farm in the direction of Rhena. Thonges Kalhober from Nirdar has got half a farm here. Johann Küten from Welleringhausen has half a farm there.

7. Official bill Eisenberg, 1598 Bomigkausen:

pays 8 Rt. 8 alb. Turk tax. (1 Rute=16 feet =4,662m),

Hans Caspar Treiß pays 2 Rtl. 2 alb. The village pays 2 Rtl. 2 alb. district tax, Hans Caspar Treiß zahlt 15 alb, 4 d district tax, turk tax und district tax are impermanent taxes. Hans C. Treß has got the count´s mill for tenance in 1597 for 6 years and pays a rent of 4 Mark?, pays 2 Taler 12 alb.

8. Official bill Eisenberg 1600, Bömigkausen, house - tax (unsteadily)

Johann Noltten 10 alb, 4 d, Hans Behlen 4 alb, 4 d, Dielhausen ,widow, 6 alb, Linus Gockeln 6 alb,

4 d, Borius Scherrers 6 alb, herdsman´s house 2 alb, 2 d, Erwin´s house gave 3 alb, but broke down yet,no taxation. All in all: house- tax: 1 Rtl, 15 alb, 2 d.

9. General Register (Salbuch 8) 1602, Bömighausen

Subjects living in Bömighausen:

Persons owning 4 horses: Ludolf Bornemanns and Johan Kaldehöber.

Persons owning 2 horses: Hans Caspar Treiß, Jochim Kaldehöfers relicta Trina, Johann Backes Gebrüder, Humpertt Engelmanns, Stoffel Backe´s widow.

Persons owning 1 horse : Lip Henrich, Paul Westenuten rel. Kunna, Johann Noldten.

Persons owning just a cottage : Frantz Schmitthanses, Elpen Johann, Gerdtraut Backes, Hans Scheffer, Münster Johann, the Hesselerin virgins.

Every year they steadily pay money to Eisenberg House: 1 Rtl, 8 alb, 2 d.

Grain (unsteadily) : The Tenth will likely be 15 Mütte, 0 Spint, 0 Becher. Tax for permission of clearing to get farmland and the “Tenth” are quite low, there are not many field s cultivated.

Oat (steadily) : Gaugerichts - oat 8 Spint.

Oat (unsteadily) : 17 M. 0 Sp. 0 Bch.(Tenth), clearing tax 1 M., Rauchhühner (hens) 16, geese: Linus Niep von der Herren Wiese 1, cocks (tenth) 14, eggs from a garden 2 Stg.

2 platforms.

10. Number of sheep - tax 1612: Joh. Nollen 4 alb, his son 4 ½ alb, Stoffel Backhaus 1 calf yearling , Curt Bornemann 1 old sheep, Hans Behlen 1 mutton yearling , 1 Oat (steadily) , Backhaus´ heirs 6 alb, Joh. Backhaus 1 old sheep , 1 lamb yearling , the shepherd (Schlömer?) 1 old sheep, 1 mutton yearling, Joh. Kaldehöfer 3 old sheep, 1 calf, 1 mutton lamb, his sister 1 ½ alb, the Hesseler virgins 1 ½ alb. Altogether: 14 sheep, 12 alb, 4 d.

11. Taxation and money being paid instead of doing compulsory service in 1623 Bömigkausen : Lipp Henrich, Johann Kaldenhober, Benckhaus, Stoffel Brachts swore in.

Lipp Henrich, Münster Johann, Friederich Kaldehofer, Hans C. Treiß, because of Ludolfs farm, bec. of Jak. Engelmann, Johan Benckhaus, Elsa Bergmanns, the herdhouse, Frantz Schmitt, Joh. Kaldehober, Urbach Bergmanns, Scheffer Hans, now Henr. Behlen, Joh. Nollen, Curt Bornemann, Stoffel Buntkirch? Tog. 10 Rtl, 6 ß, 0 d.

Remark: Stoffel Brachts and Stoffel Buntkirch: These names are perfectly readable in this way. The register shows a Stoffel Bunthausen at the same time, in the next registers you can read about a Stoffel Becker – in the next register Joh. Benckhaus appears again with his correct name Backhaus.

12. Taxation in 1630, Bomigkausen: Joh. Backhaus, Stoffel Becker, Joh. Kaldehöber sworn in. Joh. Backhaus, Curt Bergmann, Hern. Belen a.o.

Salbook of Bömighausen Community in 1682

On Jan.27th, 1682 the estimation of all real estates like land, meadows, gardens, houses a.o. began. That was done by the officials who were sworn in. All possessings appear in the following order.

Land-Taxes und Classifications

A: for 10 Rtl. ( 1 Rute = 16 feet) one Morgen (= 3500 square meters, in comparison with 1 acre ( 4047 m2) best land.

a) for 8 Rtl. 1 Morgen barley land

b) for 6 Rtl. 1 Morgen rye land, not suitable for barley

c )for 4 Rtl. 1 Morgen less fertile land and oat

One Morgen with 150 Ruten measured on 8 Spint (1 Spint =from 4, 4/9 l in Bremen to 212,5 l in Rendsburg) sowing. Overpaid taxes were equalized, e. g. 1 Morgen for 3 Rtl. Is fixed in c and d half to half.

Wiesenwachs (= quality of grassland)

One Morgen with 120 Ruten producing just a wagon load of hay

A 30 Rtl. A good meadow producing grass (hay) twice a year.

b 14 Rtl. A meadow producing grass (hay) just onse a year.

c 8 Rtl. Poor grassland where only „scraping“ is possible.

d 5 Rtl. Poor grassland where only herding is possible.

All the houses and buildings are taxed together with the house – and field gardens. They were inspected, the gardens which are situated in the fields were taxed basically on the „Morgen´s” feet.

Signatures!1 Christian Meißner (Vermessung), 2 Hans Heinrich Jäger, 3 Johan Michael Geldmacher und 4 Johan Kalhöffer.

List of the „menship“ and of the occupied and not occupied estates:

Where they live

page

no.

name

present taxation

   
     

Owning 4 horses

     

12

23 1 Johann Kalhöfer  1 Rtl.  13Gr.  0 Hel.
9 32 2 Nöllen Wüsteguth  0    0  0
     

Owning 2 horses

     
3 11 1 Joh. Michel Geldmacher  0  23  5 1/2
2 7 2 Engelbracht Küten  0  22  2
1 1 3 Johan Arend Schalk  0  32

 0

6 14 4 Georg Klein  0  27  0
8 20 5 Melchior Bergmann  0  23  0
13 17 6 Hans Heinrich Jäger  0  29  0
7 29 7 Junker Treiß Wüsteguth  0    0  0
     

Cottage inhabitants

     
10 37 1 Johannes Ranft  0    3  0
11 38 2 Daniel Kill  0    9  0
     

Unused Cottages

     
15 50 1 Urban Bergmann      
14 39 2 Heinrich Bölen      
4 5 3 Johan Sauren      
5 41 4 Johan Münster      
  42  

The Mill

     

Ad generalia

1. Bömighausen, a Waldeccian village. (Question: name ?)

2. They don´t know. (Ouestion: beginning of existence, foundation?)

3. by a judge, who is installed by the Count´s officials and by a chairman, nominated by the community every year.

4. They belong to the church district of Nörder, where can be given informations.

5. The judge, who has to make sure that all given orders are fulfilled and who has to announce all the services, he who has to care for the village, is allowed to use certain service, and he gets1 “smoke-hen”, 1 fat pig and 1 sheep.

6. They take it for righteous to have a little fire wood for the described „wood- money“ and they made firewood without allowance in the following hills: Stenner, Lön, Werbeldscheid, Arenscheid, Burg. The forester said, some time ago he had got 4 guilders from a „ Ganzspänner“ (4 horses), from a “ Halbspänner” ( 2 horses) 2 guilders, from a cottage owner 2 gl. , but he demanded more money now.

7. The Eisenberg House people had to plough in 2 places, one at the „ Himmelreich“ ( 4 Morgen + 1 Morgen), in addition 2 Morgen at the „Heimhagen”, between the “Hölzern” 2 Morgen, on the “Hermannskeller” 21/2 Morgen. The third place was pointed out including carriage transport, sowing and harrowing. They also had to mow the grassland above the „Mühenwiese“ that was owned by the count, had to make hay, but they weren´t obliged to mow the second cut. They also had to mow a certain part in Oberense village, unfortunately they would not care about it. They had to cultivate completely a pawn- meadow in the “Holosen” belonging to Eppe village, alternating with people from Neerdar. During harvest time, they usually did cut for 1 days or two, and they had to harvest barley and oat belonging to the priory and bind them into sheaves. Additionally they were obliged to transport the grain one or two times, however they would not have to pile it up in the barn, because that was extra work for special people. There was no special time for fertilizing, they used to fertilize for one or two days. Additionally they had to cut wood on the “Eisenberg”. Each household had to spin 1 piece of cloth, and, if necessary, care for the flax and to thresh 10 bundles. A carriage or plough driver´s wage was half a loaf of bread, a cottage inhabitant earned a quarter of a loaf, and during work they would get drinks. In addition to these services there would be “unmeasured services” by hand or carriage. They were needed in times of residing, army camps, hunting or other unexpected situations.

9. The estates here are partly heritage-,but mostly leaseholdland, as descibed individually.

10. The „Tenth“ of grass- and cultivated land belong exclusively to the dominion.

11. No extra money for grassland,because it is taxed with the „Tenth“.

12. Leaseholders need not pay extra money.

13. Nollen (formerly Junker Treysen´s) whole estate paid the dominion 200 Rtl. for being released from service, 200 Rtl. were paid back again to the country squire. Johan Arend Schalk and Hans Henrich Jäger managed the estate, but Nollen – Estate is no longer used up to now (1682). Nevertheless those two asked for the 200 Rtl. or bring released. Females are free from hand – service and need not deliver a hen at taxation time, but only within 6 weeks.

14. All these taxations were done a long time ago by dominion officials. They go together with each person´s situation, as everyone can read in the forestanding list. At last they would be realized by the judge.

15-17.Dominium taxes and service are listed up individually at the end.

18. Inhabitants and places which are given up are listed initially.

The Buildings in1682

1. Johan Arnd Schalk, Halbspann (owner of 2 horses) leasable

The house stands down the village under the “Werbelscheid”. The dung hole is situated northwards 17 Rtl.- (42), a stable at the house´s eastern gable 7 Rtl. (18), one barn in the east above the dung hole 13 Rtl. (31) one bakehouse in its garden near the water 0 (4), one pig porch between the dung hole and the lane 1 Rtl. (4),a garden behind the buildings until the creek, in the east to Hans Jäger´s grassland 20 Rtl., a garden at the dog´s market near an Nöllen´s land and the lane 3 Rtl., one cabbage garden between Nörder and Nöllen Garden. 5 Rtl. (Numbers in brackets show former taxation.)

2. Former Johan Sauren – nowadays Joh. Arnd Schalk, too

A wasted place between lane and Hans Michel Geldmacher´s barn. Cottage, leasable , with 5 parcels of land, 2 meadows. The dominion got 6 d Beede (= special tax), 4 ß house - tax, 1 smoke- und 1 tenth-hen.

3. Engelbracht Küten, owns 2 horses, uses one horse for service, feudal tenure from Rhena, the Tenth had to be paid to the dominion. House stands under Werbelscheid between Hans Michel Geldmacher and Joh. Arnd Schalck, direction Werbelscheid, with a dung hole in front. 15 Rtl. (28). Gardens behind and aside the house, in the east to Schalk´s Haus, southwards over water 8 Rtl.. In the Redal between Henrich Kleinen meadow and Melchior Bergmann´s cabbage garden 3 1/2 Rtl. The dominion got 1 ß 3 d Beede, 8 ß 7 d money for wood, 1 smoke- und 1 tenth-hen.

4. Johan Michel Geldmacher , owns 2 horses, uses one horse for service, leasable from the noblemen of Lengefeld, originally from the country squire of Rhena, the Tenth to the dominion. House stands under Werbelscheid , with its front to the Werbelscheid, dung hole situated betw. lane and house door. 24 Rtl., the barn likely 1 ½ m westwards the house 10Rtl. one pig porch between the dung and the lane (2). a garden behind the buildings (house + barn) until the creek, in the east to Engebracht Küte´s garden. Lease: 3 Mütte of oat, 3 cocks, 3 Steige (= 60) eggs to the country squire in Rhena. Remark.: oat to Lengefeld.

5. Georg Kleinen, owns 2 horses . The house stands below the Weede, last one in the village, the dung hole and house look towards the Werbelscheid, 1 stable westwards from the dung hole 28 Rtl. Lease: 3 Mütte of oat to Korbach.

6. Hans Henrich Jäger, Halbspann (=owner of 2 horses) , leasable Netze Monastery. The house stands in the middle of the village, north from the water, looks to the east, inclusively the dung hole, barn in front of the dung hole near lane, a bakehouse near the water 27 Rtl..

7. Melchior Bergmann, Halbspann(s.a.), Rauchbar Lengefeld.The house stands at the Berghof, along the northern lane, with a barn in the west, there is a bakehouse in front of the house. 24 Rtl. to be given to Sudeck , to Joh. Henken 10 Rtl..

8. Johan Kalhöfer (now farmhouse Trachte) to George Kaldehofer, modo Tewes Backhaus, Jungmann´s lease. The house stands above the village between „Hagen“ and Daniel Kils, is situated tot he east, including a dung hole, barn north of the house under the Hagen, a pig porch in front of a dung hole along his garden, a bakehouse in his garden along the lane, a sheep stable at the barn´s eastern gable. 42 Rtl. lease to Jungmann´s heirs. 10 Mütte of oat, 6 cocks, 6 Steige (=120) eggs. To the dominion: ½ ß Beede, 1 money for wood, 1 smoke – and 1 tenth- hen.

9. Young Nobleman Treisen Wüstegut, Halbspann (=owns 2 horses) , free from service, maybe payment (?), so Vietor´s heirs are in a feudal tenure without duty in relation to the dominion. The former house (waste now) stands below the Weede, between Kalhofer´s garden and his garden, the dung hole is northward, barns at the western part of the dung hole, there is a garden round the place to Nölle´s.

10. Nollen Estate,lease: Nörder Priory, Vollspann (s.a.) This waste settlement, farm and garden southward below Melchior Bergmann´s house, in the west below the „hohe Ufer“, in the north to the creek and Schalk´s Garden, in the east to the lane and the water. One garden at Georg Kleine´s house 17 Rtl. Later addition: Nöllen Estate Jacob Clement of Bomighausen, lease 10 Mütte to the priory, 6 for the reverend, 4 to the sacristan.

11. Johann Ranfft, Cottage inhabitant . The northern part of the house is situated near the water, looks ,together with the dung hole to the east. 1 garden, called “Virgins´Garden” looks to the east, and is situated between Nörder and Georg Kleine´s garden 14 Rtl. Remark: The virgins were Hesseler´s four unmarried sisters. 3 d Beede tax.

12. Daniel Kiel, Cottage inhabitant: House is in the upper village between Ranft u. Kalthofen, situated east with the dung hole. 12 Rtl.

13. Henrich Bölen, Cottage inhabitant: waste place in a triangle near two lanes leading up to the village.

14. Urban Bergmann, Cottage inhabitant: the waste place with the farm stands under the „Werbelscheid“ above the “Nörder Lane”.

15. Johan Münster, Cottage inhabitant: the waste place stands in front of the bridge south of the garden and stood (?) by the water.

16. The mill belonging to the „Kastengut“(estate) – written in another kind of writing: a waste place gives the dominion 6 ß house tax.

Add. remark: The „Salbook´s“ 40 pages do not allow a complete copy, especially the acre – and grassland parcels and their settlement places cannot be listed up completely. There are also no publications about their worth and largeness. Schalk owned 23 farmland- und 7 parcels of meadows, Sauren owned 5 and 2, Küte 27 and 5 parcels. Before Clement took over Nöllen-Estate, Kalhöfer seemed to cultivate it, together with his other possessions. So the taxation officials made different taxations between his heritage and feudal tenure - estates. The list does not tell anything about Münster und Bölen (Beelen, Behlen) .

 

Families living in Bömighausen (from the“ Saalbuch“in 1687)

 

1. Bergmann     Melches Halbspann (see def.on pages before )
2. Bergmann                                            Urban  cottage owner
3. Böllen                                         Heinrich  cottage owner
4. Clement                                                                Nöllengut
5. Engelbrecht                                           Küten Halbspann
6. Geldmacher                                 Joh.Michael  1 horse
7. Jäger                             Hans-Heinrich    Halbspann
8. Kalhöfer                              Georg     Halbspann
9. Kiel (Kill)                                    Daniel           cottage owner
10. Kleine                                                                Georg    Halbspann   
11. Münter                                                   Johann    cottage owner
12.Rannfft                                                                    cottage owner
13. Sauren                            Johann   owner of a cottage and little  land
14. Schalk                                 Johann  
15. Tresen                                  Johann ( country squire)  Wüstegut
16. Belonging to the Wüstegut                          mill

Families living in Bömighausen (from reverend A. Ulrich based on church lists).

 1. Alvan                                          1670 - 1722   smith
 2. Backhaus            1650 - 1721  
 3. Behlen                1725 (from Welleringhausen)
 4. Bergmann  1600 - 1770  
 5. Clement, Jakob                1680 - 1774  
 6. Eggending                                             1700   (miller)
 7. Ehringhausen                                           1670  (later in Neerdar)
 8. Emden                            1740  
 9. Figge ?                                   1780  
10. Geldmacher                  1680 - 1728  
11. Herting ?                                              1745    (from Nieder-Ense)
12. Hofmann                                            1703     (miller)
13. Jäger                              1670 - 1758  
14. Kalhöfer                        1650  
15. Kiel                                1600  
16. Kleine                           1660  
17. Knippschild    
18. Koch                                                    1674   (from Mengeringhausen)
19. König Müller                 1650  
20. Küte ?                            1650  
21. Lahma                         1670  
22. Pohlmann                                               1791 (from  Heringhausen)
23. Potthof                                         1879           (from Flechtdorf)
24. Pöttner                                                 1774    (from Lengefeld)
25. Schalk                            1661  
26. Schnautz                        1800  
27. Schulze                         1675  
28. Schüttler                    1680  
29. Trachte                                                   1742 (from Hemmighausen)
30. Trögeler                                                   1733 (from Goddelsheim)
31. Wilke                             1700  
32. Wittmer                         1700  

 

 

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